Management of solid waste poses as many challenges as the amount of unsegregated solid waste dumped on a daily basis. Conventional treatments such as incineration and landfill dumping have serious repercussions for the environment as they are major sources of air and soil pollution. Composting is the need of the hour as it is the only true sustainable solution for organic solid waste management.
Composting is a way to treat solid waste so that microorganisms break down the organic material, helping along the natural process of decay until it can be safely handled, stored and applied to the environment.The microorganisms eat the organic waste, breaking it down into its simplest components. The humus (finished compost) they produce is rich with fiber and inorganic nutrients, such as phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen, and it makes a natural fertilizer that is beneficial to the environment.
Solid waste composting
Hastens the composting process
Curbs the emission of foul odour
Quick rise temperature to composting requirement
Acts as soil conditioner
Curtails the growth of undesirable pathogens and weed seeds
Enhances the quality of final compost product
Reduce environmental pollution and also aid in alleviation of poverty
Dose 1 kg of Quick Compost is required for 1 TON of solid waste.
The powder needs to be mixed with water before spraying it to the compost pile.
Moisture content of the pile needs to be maintained around 30-50% throughout the process.
Overturning of the compost pile on every alternative day ensures better aeration and faster biodegradation.